Dating victorian england

The two categories of this group were in addition to the evangelicals or "Low Church" element in the Church of England: "Old Dissenters," dating from the 16th and 17th centuries, included Baptists, Congregationalists, Quakers, Unitarians, and Presbyterians outside Scotland; "New Dissenters" emerged in the 18th century and were mainly Methodists.

The "Nonconformist conscience" of the Old group emphasised religious freedom and equality, the pursuit of justice, and opposition to discrimination, compulsion, and coercion.

The signing of the Treaty of Nanking in 1842 ended the First Opium War and gave Britain control over Hong Kong Island, but a disastrous retreat from Kabul in the same year led to the annihilation of a British army column.

In 1845, the Great Famine began to cause mass starvation and disease in Ireland, ultimately initiating widespread emigration; a strategic consideration known as the Eastern Question.

On 20 June 1837, Victoria became Queen of the United Kingdom on the death of her uncle, William IV.

Being female, Victoria was prevented by the Salic law from acceding to the throne of Hanover, as had been the custom for British monarchs since the Hanoverian succession; the kingdom passed instead to her uncle, who became King Ernest Augustus I of Hanover.

Defined according to sensibilities and political concerns, the period is sometimes considered to begin with the passage of the Reform Act 1832.

The period is characterised as one of relative peace among the great powers (as established by the Congress of Vienna), increased economic activity, "refined sensibilities" and national self-confidence for Great Britain.

On its conclusion in 1856 with the Treaty of Paris, Russia was prohibited from hosting a military presence in the Crimea.In 1840, Queen Victoria married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield and gave birth to her first child, Victoria, who became Princess Royal.


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