Following the 1745 settlement of the Virginia's 10 year dispute with Lord Fairfax over the western boundary of the Northern Neck Proprietary, when the Privy Council in London found in favor of Lord Fairfax's expanded claim, some of the Fairfax County gentry formed the Ohio Company of Virginia.They intended to conduct trade into the interior of America, and they required a trading center near the head of navigation on the Potomac.To support the company's push for a town on the river, Lawrence's younger brother George Washington, an aspiring surveyor, made a sketch of the shoreline touting the advantages of the tobacco warehouse site.Since the river site was amidst his estate, Philip opposed the idea and strongly favored a site at the head of Hunting Creek (also known as Great Hunting Creek).This John was the son of Robert Alexander II (1688–1735).On May 2, 1749, the House of Burgesses approved the river location and ordered "Mr.This led to the calling of the Annapolis Convention of 1786, which in turn led to the calling of the Federal Convention of 1787.In 1814, during the War of 1812, a British fleet launched a successful Raid on Alexandria, which surrendered without a fight.
In 2005, the United States Patent and Trademark Office moved to Alexandria, and in 2017, so did the headquarters of the National Science Foundation.
In April 1755, the governors of Virginia, and the provinces of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, and New York met to determine upon concerted action against the French in America.
In March 1785, commissioners from Virginia and Maryland met in Alexandria to discuss the commercial relations of the two states, finishing their business at Mount Vernon.
It is largely populated by professionals working in the federal civil service, in the U. military, or for one of the many private companies which contract to provide services to the federal government. Like Old Town, many Alexandria neighborhoods are compact and walkable.
With its concentration of boutiques, restaurants, antique shops and theaters, it is a major draw for all who live in Alexandria as well for visitors.
A large portion of adjacent Fairfax County mostly south, but also west of the city is named "Alexandria," but it is under the jurisdiction of Fairfax County and separate from the city; the city is sometimes referred to as the City of Alexandria to avoid confusion (see the "Neighborhoods" paragraph below).