Some regions are hot and dry, like the Sahara, Kalahari and Namib deserts.
Other parts are wet or covered in tropical rainforest.
The first humans are thought to have lived in Africa and powerful African empires formed from the medieval age onwards.
However, today's African nations were shaped by the European powers who colonised this vast continent.
Literacy rates are therefore low, with only 46% of young people aged 15-24 able to read and write.
‘People are the real wealth of a nation.’ This is the belief of the United Nations, whose Millenium Development Goals provide a framework for improving the lives of millions.
These give an overview about the country and its people.
It helps when nations are peaceful, stable and growing economically.